"FINLAND IN THE EYE OF THE STORM"
Educational councelor, ret. Major Erkki Hautamäki has written an interesting book, "Finland in the eye of the storm". It brings forth many things from the time of the last wars, things that no one has known or things that no one has spoken of – the people have not wanted to tell about them.
The book changes the historiography of the war times in a significant way. - Up to now there has only been a hypothesis, since we have only had secondary evidence of the documents that describe the operations and their consequences, says Hautamäki.
The book was published first in Swedish with the name ’Finland i stormens öga’. It is based on the contents of the so-called file S-32 of Marshal Mannerheim and is copied from there by the Marshal’s secret agent Vilho Tahvanainen, who worked with him during the war.
- File S-32 has been destroyed or hidden almost completely under Kekkonen’s regime. The book is going to be translated into many languages. Within a year another part is going to be published. This second part will also include more detailed argumentation about the happenings of the first book.
Vilho Tahvanainen was Marshal C.G.E. Mannerheim’s trusted special agent since the 1930s till the death of Marshal in 1951. Tahvanainen familiarized himself with the matters of the secret files that Marshal recorded in the file with the sign S-32. Tahvanainen’s book called ’Special task’, aroused deep suspicion and strong condemnation, when it was published in 1970.
The Swedish version of Erkki Hautamäki’s book was examined by the scientists of University of Uppsala, Sweden. The introduction was co-written by Colonel, M.A. Erkki Nordberg. He is the chief of the educational department at the main headquarters of the Finnish army. Professor Kent Zetterberg, a teacher of the Swedish defense academy, was the second writer.
Erkki Hautamäki was born in 1930. In the 1960s he worked in a special task of the Finnish army headquarters. Between 1970 and 1990 he was supervisor of the Vuokatti sports academy. He is an internationally known sports leader and a critic and trendsetter of the Kekkonen era.
The central hypotheses concerning and changing the writing of the history of Finland are as based on his book:
- Churchill and Stalin negotiated the starting of co-operation in a war of many fronts against Germany since April 1939. In July it was agreed that when Germany and the Soviet Union attack Poland, the declaration of war of the western allies would be focused only against German actions.
- On the 23rd of August 1939 Stalin and Hitler signed the so called Molotov-Ribbentrop agreement. Its secret extra protocol included the so-called concept of the sphere of interest that did not mean permission to conquer the Baltic states and Finland. It meant instead the right to demand strategic bases in case of war.
- On the 15th of October 1939 an agreement was signed between Stalin and Churchill (the allied forces). The core of it was the plan to destroy Germany both militarily and economically. Churchill’s old plan regarding the Scandinavian operation was also accepted.
- The winter war of Finland did not stop because of Stalin’s fear of a possible threat of western allies attacking to defend Finland. It ended when Hitler sent Stalin an edict that Stalin shall cease the acts of war against Finland, or Germany will bombard Soviet troops and fight for Finland unbidden. The Marshal received from Hitler information about this edict and copies of the plan of the western allies and Stalin concerning Finland.
- If this would have happened, the allied forces would have conquered Norway and Sweden in the name of Finnish aid. Simultaneously the Soviet Union would have conquered Finland. Finland would have drawn into war and Scandinavia would have been a front against Germany. Churchill and the allied forces thus sold Finland to the Russians.
- Stalin played simultaneously an ally of Germany and the western allies. His goal was to get the western allies and Germany to wear themselves down in their fighting against each other. After this he would conquer a weakened Europe.
- Stalin purchased first the newest mechanical weaponry from Germany. After it he obtained from the USA an immense amount of war material against Germany (and Finland) as Lend-lease aid. No final account of these possessions has yet been made.
- The unconditional denial of passage for allied forces through Sweden partially saved Finland. The agreement of Churchill and Stalin allowed the conquering of Scandinavia and the Baltic countries. A section was added that the conquered areas should be given their independence back after peace had come.
- When the general courier of Stalin was transporting the strategic war plans from Churchill, the air force of Germany compelled the airplane to land on 9 Feb. 1940. During the examination of the air crew and the passengers, all documents were photographed. Hitler received exact information about the attack plans on several fronts of the allied forces. He thus started a preventive attack plan in Norway. Stalin did not know that the plans had been revealed.
- The Marshal’s so called scabbard order of the day on 9 July 1941 was born after Hitler’s edict to unambiguously express the goals of Finnish warfare, or otherwise Germany starts taking Finland under its government. Marshal Mannerheim was before the continuation war compelled to accept Stalin’s demands that were secretly introduced to him: Finland shall not advance to Leningrad or over Lake Syväri and shall not disturb the railroad leading from Sorkka.
Where did you get motivation to write this book, Erkki Hautamäki?
- I was studying Vilho Tahvanainen’s book, but I left it without doing anything for 20 years. I think it was worth it to scrutinize, and my personal feeling was that an innocent man should get rehabilitated. Why weren’t these things investigated during 50 years instead of being thrown away? The more I delved into international source literature and documents, the more I found information leading the balance in favor of things and writings in File S-32, not against them.
What is the latest news that supports the hypotheses?
- Holding the archives secret comes to mind. File S-32 has become secret or is destroyed. There are Finnish scientists who have been in Moscow, but all Stalin’s and NKVD’s archives are closed. No one is admitted to investigate the documents.
- The last airplane that left Berlin included Hitler’s secret archives. The Americans shot down the plane and nothing was left, everything disappeared. It was said that Hitler turned pale when he heard of this and said: “There went all the possibilities to witness that the things are otherwise than the winners will insist”.
- I have all the material of Tahvanainen at my disposal and I have read the file S-32’s documents many times. In the archives of the Marshal there is only a small part of the papers and they contain nothing new. After this I started to hunt material and fill out the mosaic.
- There were white blotches that could not be true. More data must to be found. I started to find data in the form of copies. I had a team in Sweden. I travelled in Russia, Germany, Estonia, purchased literature, discussed with people. I have found literature that is almost unknown in Finland.
- Under the negotiations of the Paris treaty the Finns were not allowed to present any details of File S-32. Churchill’s archives are closed at least until 2017. In Nürnberg the Germans were not permitted to render anything of the Churchill-Stalin materials, nor was that information given to the prosecution.
- The main prosecutor of Great Britain made in 1985 a statement that we blamed completely falsely Germany for these things and now we have as a threat the impossible communistic, bolshevist Europe, which we perhaps may not be able to control. We rejected Hitler’s desperate wishes for peace. There were altogether nine of them and they were not introduced, because they were considered to be nonsense and a fool’s ideas.
Why did the western states want to destroy Germany?
- If one looks at the theses of Churchill from the year 1934, no suspects remain left. The answer of Churchill and Roosevelt was approximately this: Germany is much more dangerous and that is why Stalin was chosen as an ally. The question was of both militaristic and economic threat. The economic aspect was more dangerous to England and France.
- In March 1940 Sumner Welles visited Italy, Germany, France and England. The persons he met said openly that they were compelled to war, no peace propositions are accepted. Similar orders were also given to Poland. Germany was driven into a compulsory situation. The terms of World War I were already shocking.
What would it have happened if the Scandinavia plan of the allies would have come true?
- Nothing would have been left of Finland. It would have been a total collapse. According to the Marshal’s opinion the occupation of Denmark and Norway made by Germany – as regrettable as these phenomena locally were – saved partially Finland. Sweden saved Finland by denying the passage.
- It is not right to blame Swedes, for they saw the overall situation. King Gustaf V received personally the assurance from Hitler that Germany has no claims, if Sweden stays neutral and delivers ore as before. The King also got knowledge of the plans of the allies.
What about Karelia?
- The boundaries of 1939 are a completely clear issue, they need to be returned. There is no ambiguity, and there should not exist any obstacles internationally all the way to the UN. The Marshal was compelled to agree to Stalin’s demands that we do not go to Leningrad or over Lake Syväri.
- The Marshal told Zhdanov of the Supervision Commission that Finland had fulfilled the agreement with Stalin. Then Zhdanov had to exit with red cheeks and return to Moscow to ask, what Stalin had agreed. Then the noose started to swing for Zhdanov.
Does history change?
- History has to change. The truth will appear undisputedly”, affirms Erkki Hautamäki, the writer of this very interesting book. He is also ready to discuss these issues with anybody.
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